Psalms – Index

Below are the links to the various posts commenting on a certain Psalm:

The Two Ways (1)
Kiss the Son (2)
When You Blow It (6)
Practical Atheism (10)
A Golden Psalm (16)
God Still Speaks (19)
The Soundtrack of the Cross (22)
The Best Known Psalm (23)
Let the King Come In (24)
When You’ve Blown It Again (32)
Stabbed in the Back (41)
Desiring God (42-43)
The Marks of Mercy (51)
A Psalm that is Repeated (53)
Longing for God (63)
A Psalm for Old Age (71)
The Janitor’s Psalm (84)
Robed in Majesty (various)
The Great Benefits of Our Gracious God (103)
The Most Quoted Psalm (110)
The End of Psalms (150)


1 John – Index

Below are the links to the various posts commenting on a certain section of 1 John:
Introductory Material
Fellowship with God is Rooted in the Apostolic Witness (1.1-4)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in the Moral Nature of God (1.5-10)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in the Advocacy of Jesus (2.1-2)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in Obedience to Jesus’ Commandments (2.3-6)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in Keeping the New Commandment (2.7-11)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in True Knowledge of God & Satan (2.12-14)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in the Christian’s Love for God (2.15-17)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in Apostolic Epistemology (2.18-27)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in Our Understanding of Our Status as God’s Children (2.28-3.3)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in Our Settled Practice of Righteousness (3.4-10)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in the Practice of Brotherly Love (3.11-24)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in the Rejection of Error (4.1-6)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in God’s Love Perfected in Practice (4.7-21)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in the New Birth Through True Faith (5.1-12)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in Confidence in Intercessory Prayer (5.13-17)
Fellowship with God is Rooted in Jesus’ Present Ministry (5.18-21)

James – Index

Below are the links to the various posts commenting on a certain section of James:
Introductory Material
Introduction (1.1)
The Paradox of Pain (1.2-4)
The Paradox of Prayer (1.5-8)
The Paradox of Poverty (1.9-11)
The Beatitude of the Steadfast (1.12-15)
Good Gifts From a Good God (1.16-18)
It’s a Religion! pt.1 (1.19-21)
It’s a Religion! pt.2 (1.22-25)
It’s a Religion! pt.3 (1.26-27)
Holding the Faith, pt.1 (2.1-7)
Holding the Faith, pt.2 (2.8-13)
Holding the Faith, pt.3 (2.14-26)
Watch Your Mouth! pt.1 (3.1-2)
Watch Your Mouth! pt.2 (3.3-12)
Watch Your Mouth! pt.3 (3.13-18)
Punch at the Potluck (4.1-12)
See You Tomorrow (4.13-17)
The Coming of the Lord, pt.1 (5.1-6)
The Coming of the Lord, pt.2 (5.7-12)
The Coming of the Lord, pt.3 (5.13-20)

Ephesians – Index

Below are the links to the various posts commenting on a certain section of Ephesians:
Introductory Material
Introduction & Greetings (1.1-2)
Grow in the Wealth of Christ (1.3-14)
Grow in the Wisdom of God (1.15-23)
Grow in the Work of Christ, pt.1 (2.1-10)
Grow in the Work of Christ, pt.2 (2.11-22)
Grow in the Will of God, pt.1 (3.1-6)
Grow in the Will of God, pt.2 (3.7-13)
Grow in the Will of God, pt.3 (3.14-21)
Grow in Your Walk with Christ, pt.1 (4.1-6)
Grow in Your Walk with Christ, pt.2 (4.7-16)
Grow in Your Walk with Christ, pt.3 (4.17-24)
Grow in Your Walk with Christ, pt.4 (4.25-32)
Grow in Your Walk with Christ, pt.5 (5.1-7)
Grow in Your Walk with Christ, pt.6 (5.8-14)
Grow in Your Walk with Christ, pt.7 (5.15-21)
Grow in the Word of God, pt.1 (5.22-33)
Grow in the Word of God, pt.2 (6.1-4)
Grow in the Word of God, pt.3 (6.5-9)
Grow for War Against Darkness (6.10-20)
Conclusion (6.21-24)

Luke – Index

Below are links to the various posts commenting on a certain section in Luke:
Introductory Material – Part 1 & Part 2
Birth of John the Baptist Fortold by Gabriel (1.5-25)
Gabriel Visits Mary & Mary Visits Elizabeth (1.26-37)
The Magnificat (1.46-56)
Birth of John the Baptist (1.57-66)
Benedictus (1.67-80)
Birth of Jesus (2.1-7)
Shepherds & Angels (2.8-20)
Simeon in the Temple (2.21-35)
Anna in the Temple (2.36-40)
The Boy Jesus in the Temple (2.41-52)
John the Baptist (3.1-6)
John the Baptist’s Preaching (3.7-14)
Baptisms (3.15-20)
Jesus’ Baptism & Genealogy (3.21-38)
The Temptations of Christ (4.1-13)
Jesus Rejected in His Hometown (4.14-30)
Jesus Heals & Preaches (4.31-44)
Miraculous Catch of Fish or Fishers of Men (5.1-10)
Jesus Heals a Leper (5.11-16)
Jesus Heals a Paralytic (5.17-26)
Jesus Calls Levi (5.27-32)
Jesus Questioned about Fasting (5.33-39)
Lord of the Sabbath & Man with a Withered Hand (6.1-11)
Jesus Calls the Twelve Apostles (6.12-16)
Sermon on the Plain
Part 1 (6.17-19)
Part 2 (6.20)
Part 3 (6.21)
Part 4 (6.22-23)
Part 5 (6.24)
Part 6 (6.25)
Part 7 (6.26)
Part 8 (6.27-31)
Part 9 (6.32-36)
Part 10 (6.37-38)
Part 11 (6.39-42)
Part 12 (6.43-45)
Part 13 (6.46-49)
Jesus Heals a Centurion’s Servant (7.1-10)
Jesus Raises a Widow’s Son (7.11-17)
Messengers from John the Baptist (7.18-35)
Jesus Anointed by a Sinful Woman (7.36-50)
Women in Jesus’ Ministry (8.1-3)
Parable of the Sower (8.4-15)
Light & Hearing Jesus (8.16-18)
A Mother’s Request (8.19-21)
Jesus Calms a Storm (8.22-25)
Jesus Heals the Gadarene Demoniac (8.26-39)
Jesus Heals a Woman & Jairus’ Daughter (8.40-56)
Jesus Sends Out the Twelve & Herod Perplexed (9.1-9)
Jesus Feeds the 5,000 (9.10-17)
Peter Confesses Jesus as Christ/Call to Discipleship (9.18-27)
The Transfiguration (9.28-36)
Jesus Heals a Boy with an Unclean Spirit (9.37-45)
Who is Greatest/Not Against Us is For Us/Samaritans Reject Jesus (9.46-56)
Cost of Following Jesus (9.57-62)
Jesus Sends Out the Seventy (10.1-16)
The Seventy Return/Jesus Rejoices (10.17-24)
Parable of the Good Samaritan (10.25-37)
Mary & Martha (10.38-42)
“Lord, Teach Us to Pray” (11.1-13)
Jesus & Beelzebul (11.14-28)
The Sign of Jonah (11.29-32)
The Light Within You (11.33-36)
Woes upon the Pharisees & Lawyers (11.37-54)
The Leaven of the Pharisees/Fearlessness/Confessing Christ (12.1-12)
Parable of the Rich Fool (12.13-21)
Do Not Worry (12.22-34)
Be Ready (12.35-48)
Not Peace, Division (12.49-53)
Signs of the Times (12.54-59)
Repent or Perish/Parable of the Barren Fig Tree (13.1-9)
Jesus Heals a Disabled Woman/Mustard Seed & Leaven (13.10-21)
The Narrow Door (13.22-30)
Lament Over Jerusalem (13.31-35)
Lunch with Jesus (Ch.14)
Healing a Man with Dropsy on the Sabbath (14.1-6)
The Parable of the Wedding Feast (14.7-11)
Parable of the Great Banquet (14.12-24)
Cost of Discipleship (14.25-35)
The Lost Sheep (15.1-7)
The Lost Coin (15.8-10)
The Lost Son, pt.1 (15.11-24)
The Lost Son, pt.2 (15.25-32)
Parable of the Dishonest Manager (16.1-13)
The Law & God’s Kingdom (16.14-18)
The Rich Man & Lazarus (16.19-31)
Sin, Faith, & Duty (17.1-10)
Jesus Cleanses Ten Lepers (17.11-19)
Kingdom Come, pt.1 (17.20-21)
Kingdom Come, pt.2 (17.22-37)
Parable of the Persistent Widow (18.1-8)
Parable of the Pharisee & the Tax Collector (18.9-14)
Jesus & Children (18.15-17)
The Rich, Young Ruler (18.18-30)
Jesus Predicts His Death (18.31-34)
Jesus Heals a Blind Beggar at Jericho (18.35-43)
Jesus & Zacchaeus (19.1-10)
Parable of the Ten Minas (19.11-27)
Triumphal Entry (19.28-40)
Jesus Weeps Over Jerusalem (19.41-44)
Jesus Cleanses the Temple (19.45-48)
Jesus’ Authority Challenged (20.1-8)
Parable of the Wicked Tenants (20.9-18)
Paying Taxes to Caesar (20.19-26)
Sadducees & the Resurrection (20.27-40)
Whose Son is the Christ? (20.41-47)
At World’s End (ch.21)
The Widow’s Offering (21.1-4)
Part 1 (21.5-9)
Part 2 (21.10-19)
Part 3 (21.20-28)
Part 4 (21.29-38)
Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus (22.1-6)
Last Supper, pt.1 (22.7-20)
Last Supper, pt.2 (22.21-30)
Last Supper, pt.3 (22.31-38)
Agony & Arrest in the Garden (22.39-53)
Peter Denies Jesus (22.54-62)
The Trials of Jesus
Before the Council (22.63-71)
Before Pilate (23.1-5)
Before Herod (23.6-12)
Before Pilate Again (23.13-25)
The Crucifixion of Jesus
Part 1 (23.26-31)
Part 2 (23.32-38)
Part 3 (23.39-43)
Death (23.44-49)
Burial (23.50-56)
Resurrection (24.1-12)
Part 1 – Road to Emmaus (24.13-35)
Part 2 – Disciples (24.36-49)
Ascension (24.50-53)

The End of Psalms – Psalm 150

The journey through Psalms is a difficult yet rewarding one. It has highs and lows, ups & downs. There are the valleys of soul-crushing darkness & death and then peaks of majesty & glory. The journey is filled with lament, protest, questions followed by praise, refocus, and declaration of the character & redeeming acts of God. 150 chapters, and a single verse simply won’t do justice to the conclusion of this trek. In fact, it is going to take 5 psalms to wrap this whole book up. The final 5 psalms serve as a doxology for the whole book focused on “Hallelujah,” a transliteration of the Hebrew for “Praise YHWH.” 36 times this word appears in these final 5 psalms. God is worthy of praise from everyone & everything. Psalm 150 is the finale of this grand spiritual concert.

Doxologies for Each Book

A doxology is an exclamation of praise & blessing. Each book in Psalms end with a doxology.

Book 1: “Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting! Amen and Amen.” (Psalm 41:13)

Book 2: “Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who alone does wondrous things. Blessed be his glorious name forever; may the whole earth be filled with his glory! Amen and Amen!” (Psalm 72:18–19)

Book 3: “Blessed be the Lord forever! Amen and Amen.” (Psalm 89:52)

Book 4: “Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting! And let all the people say, “Amen!” Praise the Lord!” (Psalm 106:48)

Book 5: “My mouth will speak the praise of the Lord, and let all flesh bless his holy name forever and ever.” (Psalm 145:21)

Celebration to End the Book

Celebrating the Creator (146): “Who made heaven & earth” – the Creator, unlike earthly princes who die (v.2-3); He executes justice for His creatures (7-9), watching out for the little guy. So praise Him!

Celebrating the Greatness & Goodness of God (147): The one who named every star (v.4) is good to the weak and the meek (6). He’s so great, yet He is good to the little guy. Not only individual; He’s good to Israel with kindness that He doesn’t show to any other nation (12-20, esp.20). So praise Him!

Celebration High & Low (148): We know this one because we sing it. The whole cosmos, universe is called upon to muster praise for God. From the highest heights of the heavens to the lowest regions of earth and everywhere in between; animate & inanimate, people & things – cry out in praise. Praise Him!

Celebration from His People (149): YHWH takes pleasure in His people, so let them rejoice in Him and praise Him. He has been merciful to His people and will issue future justice & vengeance upon His enemies (which are the enemies of Israel). Thru God’s help, His people will conquer their enemies. God protects & takes pleasure in His beloved. So praise Him!

Final Hallelujah (150)

Note: Praise (the verb) is used 12 times in 6 verses, 11 of them are commands with the one being an invitation (Let us praise…).

Where (1-2)? 1) In Heaven (1): in the heavenly “sanctuary” although the Temple courts would no doubt be a reflection of what is happening in heaven. 2) On Earth (2): God accomplishes His “mighty deeds” on earth, in the world.

How (3-5)? Notice that there is no content to the praise except verse 2 about His mighty deeds. Of course, the preceding four (4) psalms provide ample material for praise. But notice also, all the instruments and instrumental music which is praise to God. An interesting note: the Law only gives directions concerning the trumpet & the horn. But there are several other instruments listed here, brought in by David.

Who (6)? Everyone that has “breath.” All living beings. He gave them breath, let them breathe His praise. Cf. Revelation 5.13. Just as God gave breath at the beginning, so He expects us to use that breath to worship, praise, adore Him. All of the faculties are called upon to worship God: The breath is needed to blow the trumpet; fingers are needed to pluck the stringed instruments; the hand is used to beat the tambourine; the feet move in dancing – everything, every part of the person is engaged in this excited state of worship.

Let me first begin by reminding us that we are the temple of the Lord today. We are reflection of what is taking place in the heavenly realms, even in the very throne room of God. We are seated with Christ in the heavenly places. Our every step, our every move ought to be a reflection of God’s holiness & glory. Our every breath ought to be a praise to God.

Second, how’s your worship brother/sister? Is your worship mostly just a mental appreciation? “I praise you.” I know some people get carried away with the emotions of worship, but worship ought to have emotion as well. Look at this Psalm: if were transported back to this time when the Israelites were singing & praising God, we couldn’t get out of there fast enough. “Who are they worshipping?” YHWH.

One is virtually breathless when you get through this psalm! The end of Psalms is an invitation to bold, loud, exuberant, excited, enthusiastic worship to YHWH. “Hallelujah” – every breath is both a cause & an invitation to praise Him. It must become praise itself. Our whole life must become a psalm.  We merely join in the chorus that reverberates throughout the cosmos. Scientists think they are hearing residual sound from the big bang; nah, that’s the cosmos singing the praise of King YHWH.

The Most Quoted Psalm – Psalm 110

Several passages from the Old Testament are quoted or alluded to in the New Testament, some of them more than once (e.g. “The just shall live by faith” – Rom 1.17; Gal 3.11; Heb 10.38). But there is no passage in the Old Testament quoted or alluded to more in the NT as Psalm 110. Far & away it is the most quoted Psalm. Why? It seems because it contains the epitome of the gospel: the coronation of Christ as King-Priest. Also contained here are core doctrinal principles: 1) Godhead/Trinity (v.1); 2) Suffering as priest poured out (v.4); 3) Resurrection (v.7); 4) Completed work (5-6); 5) Ascension (1, sit at my right hand); 6) Church (v.3); 7) Final judgment (1b); 8) Eternal life (v.4, “forever”).

The Lord (Jesus) is our king-priest according to the ancient oath of God. How can Christ be priest AND King? Psalm 110 provides clarity which would have been odd esp. to a Jew. Without doubt, as the superscription states, this is “a psalm of David.” So here is King David writing about the King-Priest: YHWH’s Lord.

The Kingdom (1-3)


1The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand…”

Christ’s Place (1a): YHWH speaks to adonai, which means David heard YWHH speak to Christ. Notice “right hand” which is the seat of power, dominion, dignity. YHWH tells Him to “sit” because His work is over and YHWH will fight for Him. The whole Godhead is involved here: Father speaks to the Son & the Holy Spirit permits David to hear this holy conversation and then enables him to record it in sacred writ. “What is man that thou shouldst impart thy secrets unto him” (Spurgeon).

Note: Verse 1 is the most quoted and alluded to OT verse in the NT – Mt 22.44; 26.64; Mk 13.36; 14.62; 16.19; Lk 20.42-43; 22.69; Acts 2.34-35; 5.31; 7.55-56; Rom 8.34; 1 Cor 15.25; Eph 1.20; Col 3.1; Heb 1.3, 13; 8.1; 10.12-13; 12.2; 1 Pt 3.22 – 24 verses in the NT quote or allude to this single OT verse.

“…until I make your enemies your footstool.”

2The LORD sends forth from Zion your mighty scepter.

Christ’s Power (1b-2a): “scepter” is a typical description in Scripture for power & authority. How powerful? Enemies are made His footstool, viz. He puts His boot on their necks/throats, a common ANE practice. Think about when the victor puts his foot on the chest of his opponent in victory, arms extended overhead.

Rule in the midst of your enemies!

Christian Proclamation (2b): “Rule!” Even David the King cries out for the reign of Messiah. Don’t we pray for this? “Thy kingdom come.” Esp. when tragedy strikes we need this: though your enemies are many, rule!

3Your people will offer themselves freely on the day of your power, in holy garments; from the womb of the morning, the dew of your youth will be yours.

Christ’s People (3): “Willing” – that is, willingness is a key characteristic of the people of God. Indeed, willingness is the essence of holiness; Christ’s people must be willing to believe Him, love Him & others, obey Him, live in holiness, die to sin, crucify the flesh, abide in God’s will, suffer for Christ’s cause. All of this and more is how we offer ourselves freely to Christ.

The Priesthood (4)

Note: This is the 2nd most quoted or alluded to OT verse in the NT: John 12.24; Heb 5.6, 10; 6.20; 7.3, 17, 21 (7 times).

4The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind, “You are a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek.”

According to the Law: No king could be priest nor any priest a king under the Law. They came from different tribes (Judah – king, Levi – priest). Yet Christ is a king-priest! How?

According to the Lord: This is no ordinary priesthood. First, it is after the order of Melchizedek, a somewhat obscure figure from Gen 14 was king of Salem (proto-Jerusalem) as well as priest of God Most High. Second, this is not like the priests under the Law who served for just a few years or even had a lifetime appointment; this is “forever.” Third, notice that this is an ancient oath “sworn” by God and He will not back off. It’s a done deal.

Christ is both Sovereign (king) & Savior (priest) – He fights for us and forgives our sins. But notice His ultimate victory which closes this Psalm…

God’s Ultimate Victory (5-7)

5The Lord is at your right hand; he will shatter kings on the day of his wrath.

6He will execute judgment among the nations, filling them with corpses; he will shatter chiefs over the wide earth.

Wrath (5-6):  Kings, nations, chiefs who oppose the progress of the gospel are shattered, turned to corpses. First, is it any wonder that Israel anticipated an earthly king? This is a song from their song book which is undoubtedly messianic (no king fits the bill here save Messiah). So they sing this for centuries about a king who would turn the nations to corpses, Who exercises universal might. Second, if God can get the kings who oppose Him (and He does, see Acts 12.22 and every other king historically which has opposed the Bible & Christianity), then no one who opposes the gospel is safe. Meaning: Fall in line with YHWH and things will go well!

7He will drink from the brook by the way; therefore he will lift up his head.

Refreshment (7): After a long day of exhausting spiritual work, the Lord drinks from “the brook by the way.” Pictured here is the pause in pursuit of an enemy, similar to Gideon & his band who were “exhausted yet pursuing” (Jud 8.4). So here is Adonai (the Lord), pausing at the brook and being refreshed to continue the pursuit. But some day, the pursuit will cease…

Now all this prefigures the end, cf. 1 Corinthians 15.23-28 where this text is alluded to (see v.25). At present we do not see all things in subjection (Heb 2.8). Here is God’s ultimate & final victory over death & evil, esp. v.28. Then, when all things are subjected to Him, God will be all in all.

Verse 1 is either quoted or alluded 24 times in the NT. If I may, that’s one for every hour of the day to remind us constantly that Christ is STILL on the throne. Verse 7 is referenced 7 times, once for each day of the week to remind us Christ’s atoning work is complete. One day He will get up & come back and finally & fully deal with every foe including death.